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What Is Your Skin’s pH, And Why Does It Matter To Keep It In Balance?

Forget about your bank balance, it’s your pH balance that you need to be thinking about just now. It’s the term that’s on the well-hydrated lips of every cosmetics enthusiast who follows the trends. You’ll find pH mentioned on products such as washes, toners, lotions, strips and even high-tech personal sensors.

So, what’s going on? Why are all these products promising to repair your skin’s pH balance? Beauticians, dermatologists and health experts all agree that pH levels are critical to general skin health. Now is the perfect moment to take a step back and ask some fundamental questions such as, what exactly is pH balance? And why is it so important for flawless skin?

What Is The pH Of The Skin?

Potential hydrogen, to give pH its full title, is a measurement of an element’s reactivity in a substance. The pH scale ranges from 1 to 14 with 7 being neutral, and each area of the body has its appropriate pH level. A lower pH number means greater acidity, while a higher number tells you that something is more alkaline. The right pH balance ensures that your skin stays moisturised and that it can store minerals and nutrients. This means your skin can do its job of protecting you from bacteria, the environment and hazardous substances.

What Is The Ideal pH Level For Your Skin?

Women’s skin pH should be between 4.5 and 5.5, which is acidic. However, you do not need to quantify it to have healthy skin. The pH of your skin changes frequently depending on your diet, sleep pattern, products you use and the environment you live in. The pH of your skin is also affected by your complexion. The pH of greasy skin is usually between 4 and 5.2, while flaky skin is usually above 5.5.

What Effect Does pH Have On The Skin?

Your pH level influences your skin’s moisture retention, barrier efficiency and microbial environment. It also affects the skin’s lipid barrier, especially if it’s too alkaline (9 and above). This leads to the skin becoming flaky and irritated. Maintaining an optimal pH level, therefore, is essential for healthy skin.

Why Is Skin’s Optimal pH Acidic?

An acidic pH is ideal for a healthy cell cycle, proper moisturisation and an effective skin barrier function. The acid layer, a thin coating on the skin’s surface, is composed of lipids from the sebaceous gland and amino acids from perspiration. It acts as a barrier, protecting skin from inflammatory diseases, dryness and oxidative stress. A body with an acidic pH is more healthy, balanced and bright.

What Is The Easiest Way To Find Out The pH Of Your Beauty Products?

At-home kits can help you determine the pH of the skin. If you want to know the pH of your beauty products, read the packaging. Most beauty products do not specify pH levels but instead state that they are “pH balanced.” If the product treats a particular medical issue, the pH solutions aim for an alkaline pH level. If you’re confused about a product’s pH, see a specialist to check if it’s good for your skin.

Four Ways To Maintain A Healthy Skin pH Balance

While skin pH fluctuates significantly depending on your body, age and gender, you should know how to keep it at a healthy level. Here are a few steps you can take to maintain healthy skin and a balanced pH level.

Make Sure Your Skin Is Well-Hydrated

To maintain the right balance, make sure your skin is well-hydrated. Cosmetics that dry the skin can upset the skin’s pH balance, exacerbating problems like acne and inflammation.

Use Beauty Products With A Low pH Level

Since soap-based washes are more alkaline, face and body washes with a lower pH are preferable. Acne sufferers who are using alkaline washes have more lesions, according to some experts. Those using acidic cleaners, on the other hand, experience fewer outbreaks. It’s also a wise option to avoid toxic chemical surfactants such as lauryl sulphate.

Include Sloughing In Your Daily Routine

Exfoliate your skin three or four times per week. It’s also important to select the right exfoliator for your skin type. Yoghurt, for example, contains lactic acid which exfoliates gently while also supporting good barrier function. Try a hydrating foot or hand mask or body cream that contains yoghurt.

Protect Your Skin With SPF To Prevent pH Imbalance

You’re probably aware that too much exposure to sunlight causes the skin to dry out and age prematurely. It also has the potential to upset your skin’s sensitive pH balance. Choose a sunblock with a moisturiser to keep skin moist and safe from ultraviolet (UV) exposure.

Conclusion

The pH level of your skin is important to your overall skin health. Using the correct cleanser and lotion for your skin type will help you achieve a healthy pH balance. Avoiding too much sun exposure and wearing sunblock can also help to protect your skin from pollutants and UV rays.

Whatever your skin’s pH level, you can still benefit from the many aesthetic treatments and products that Vinci Aesthetics offers. Whether you’re after a specific treatment or just some good advice to improve your skin, we can help. We offer a free consultation to all our new clients, so contact us today to book your appointment!

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